Care for mature treesWater the right amount. Remove competing plants, including ivy and turf. Remove soil accumulated around the root crown. Have your tree evaluated for crown infection.
Prevent power tools, such as lawn mowers and string trimmers, from hitting the tree and damaging its bark. A circle of mulch around the tree is a good way to create a buffer zone. It is important to avoid damaging vital water vessels and growing vulnerable tissue just below the cortex. A wide, even layer of mulch around the trunk is one of the best things you can do for a tree.
It will insulate the soil around the roots of the tree, keep power tools away, discourage foot traffic, and improve the soil as it breaks down. Use mulch made from wood chips or shredded wood. Spread it three to four inches deep around the tree; the wider the area covered with mulch, the better. Spread the mulch in an even layer without piling it against the bark.
That can lead to rot and disease. When soil is piled up around the roots of a tree, the tree cannot absorb the water and air it needs. To avoid compacting the soil, discourage foot traffic in the area under the branches of a tree. Keep roads and play equipment well away.
Do not park cars or stack heavy loads on roots. For each tree species there is a different middle age. Some, such as birches and willows, reach maturity in a couple of decades; others reach maturity after more than 50 years. It's helpful to know which tree species you have on your property and their current ages, so you can anticipate when each one will reach advanced maturity.
A certified arborist can identify your trees and estimate their current age for you. Keep records of those you have planted yourself. It's rare for a tree to get sick. If you're wondering how to save a dying tree, you're one of the unfortunate ones, but it's not a random roll of dice.
Make sure that the area where the tree is planted has good drainage. If there is water accumulation, provide better drainage. Insufficient watering of a tree can also be detrimental to your health, especially in the case of a young tree. If the weather is dry and you do not have time to water the tree, set up an automated system with watering timers for gardening.
Dutch elm disease: caused by ascomycete microfungi spread by the American bark beetle, this disease spreads to other trees from most types of elms rapidly through the underground root system. When watering aged trees, it is better to water at night, when the trees are under less heat stress; use drip irrigation or a soaking hose to gradually add moisture to the soil. Obviously, a sleeping tree is not dead, only in a state of low growth and conservation, similar to hibernation. It is a good idea to prune branches that are dead or declining (which helps with safety and aesthetics, as well as tree health).
Mercker points out that veteran trees have stood the test of time, adding: “Old trees know how to live; they have survived drought, heat, frost and flooding and have adapted. If done incorrectly, pruning can alter a tree's growth pattern and create stress, especially for an older tree. There are certain signs to look out for when trying to determine if a tree is in danger of dying. Check leaves and branches for insects or signs of insect activity, dead twigs, fungus growing on or around the base of the tree, and strange leaf spots.
A tree can add value to your home property, serve as wind protection, and help protect your home from the scorching sun. Mulch isn't bad, but there is a common problem where people tend to build a cone around the base of the tree using mulch. Mercker points out that some redwoods on the west coast have been around thousands of years, while red cocoon trees on the east coast might not live longer than a few decades. Many diseases are specific only to certain species, so to diagnose the problem you will first need to know the tree.
Lawn mowers and brushcutters (electric rope trimmers) can be enemies of trees, as they cut the bark and weaken the tree, making it an ideal entry point for diseases. Don't forget that tree roots and grass roots often share the same soil, so be careful when using herbicidal chemicals on nearby lawn areas. Certainly, the time has come for removal when the tree has become irreparably dangerous or has died. .