This process can be seen in trees that have been pruned or damaged as a growth that slowly envelops the wounded area. For a tree to fully compartmentalize and seal the outside of a severed branch, it can take 15-20 years. However, inside the tree, this containment process is fast and extremely effective. Healthy trees usually recover quickly from injuries.
Try to keep injured trees growing vigorously by watering them during droughts and providing them with adequate fertilization. This will increase the rate of wound closure, improve callus growth, and improve resistance to decay mechanisms. In order to survive, trees must overcome their wounds. But they don't technically heal their wounds, at least not in the way human and animal bodies repair, restore, or replace damaged cells or tissues.
The trees are constructed in layers of cells that are joined by rigid walls in a modular and compartmentalized way. This structure dictates your response to the wound. During the healing process, the availability of oxygen in an open wound of a tree facilitates the recovery process. Premature wound closure can be catastrophic.
Rather, it is best to let trees follow their naturally evolved process of sealing wounds to compartmentalize damage. This response to the wound of trees seeking cleanliness and healthy closure after trauma, keeping the wound free of infections and promoting oxygenation, followed by covering the wound with long-term protective scar tissue, offers a powerful lesson from plants. Covering a wound prematurely simply to keep damage out of sight, without paying attention to openly treating it through cleansing and therapeutic care, can lead to festering problems rather than a healthy progression towards healing, reformulation, growth and prosperity. The speed of recovery is greatly affected by the environmental conditions of development, vigor and health of the tree.
The superficial roots are vital for the health and longevity of the tree, as they absorb the nutrients and moisture needed for growth. However, pruning of any kind puts some strain on the tree by removing the leaves that produce food (if the branch is alive), creating wounds that require energy to seal and provide possible entry points for disease. What I learn from trees every year is that there is a delicate balance in the fight to recover from trauma. After trimming or dressing a tree wound, you may be inclined to use a tree wound sealer or tree wound paint.
The application of paint, tar or other dressings and fillers, although a great temptation for tree lovers around the world, actually interferes with the normal progression of a tree's wound response and should be avoided. Care should be taken not to damage the new callus tissue that has formed in response to damage to the tree and subsequent decay. The prescription to minimize potentially serious problems is to remove any broken branches with a clean pruning cut, with the cut preferably angled downwards to minimize moisture that can seep into the tree. This damage leaves trees vulnerable to infection, infestation and can quickly lead to deterioration of their health and death.
Therefore, this cleaning to fill cavities can have more detrimental effects on the tree than if left alone. The healing of wounds in trees — the protective closure or sealing of a tissue, and the consequent construction of new living paths, including the tissues of the phloem that carry sugar and the structures of the xylem that pass through the water — allows one to continue to pursue the central purpose of a tree. At the base of each leaf, a physical barrier known as the abscission layer forms, which releases the leaf from the tree. Injuries to tree trunks can occur naturally in a forest and causal factors include storms, icing, fires, insects, and animals.